Under Mayawati, Muslims fare worse than dalits in education
Abantika Ghosh, TNN | Oct 2, 2011, 01.11AM IST
NEW DELHI: Mayawati may have demanded reservation for the Muslims in
proportion to their population, but the community has little to cheer
about during her five years' rule in Uttar Pradesh.
An analysis of Muslims' share in employment and education shows how
since 2007 the Muslims have fared worse than dalits in UP on the
education front. Demolishing the tall claims of the minority
concentration districts' programme to smithereens, the study shows
that per capita consumption expenditure of the Muslims was the least
(Rs 781 against Rs 948 for upper caste Hindus, Rs 846 for Hindu OBCs
and Rs 808 for Hindu SCs), where the community's population is above
40%. Economist Abusaleh Shariiff, who conducted the study, has called
for revoking the programme.
"We want money from the HRD ministry for the development of education
opportunities for our children, not from the ministry of minority
affairs. The minority concentration districts programme should be
closed down," Shariff said.
Shariff is the chief economist of the National Council of Applied
Economic Research (NCAER), and was member secretary of the Sachar
Committee that was formed by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2005 to
look into the social, economic and educational status of Indian
Muslims. He presented his findings at the Institute of Objective
Studies on Saturday.
The study showed that the Muslim participation in the UPA's flagship
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is minimal
(8.6%) in Uttar Pradesh, where the community's population is more than
18%. SC/STs' share in the scheme is 53.5%, followed by OBCs (33.9%).
Only 11.3% of workers in the formal sector in urban areas are Muslims,
and 30.6% of them are employed in the private sector against just 5.3%
in the public sector, turning the very principle behind demands for
reservation in the private sector on its head. On the contrary, 17.5%
workers in the sector are SC/STs and 19.7% are OBCs.
On the education front, the study showed that literacy among the
Muslims on the OBC and general categories has gone up by about 7% in
both urban and rural areas of UP over the last five years. Only Hindu
STs are worse off at 4%. General category Hindus have shown the
highest leap of 17% in rural and 22% in urban areas.
The Muslims' plight worsens as level of education goes up. In matric
education, Muslim OBCs showed just a 2% rise, while there was a dip of
about 3% for those who belong to the general category.
Correspondingly, Hindu STs showed a surge of close to 20% and SCs of
about 3% in rural areas and 5% and 8% in urban areas, respectively.
Muslims' share in higher education was the most dismal, with the OBCs
registering a fall of 13% in urban and 12% in rural areas. General
category Muslims showed a fall of 9% in urban areas and 14% in rural
"Education data shows that the present trend of politics in UP has
worked in favour of OBC Muslims and dalits whereas general category
Muslims have lagged behind in many cases," Shariff added.
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