Friday, October 8, 2010

[ZESTCaste] SC to decide on migrant Dalits right to reservation

SC to decide on migrant Dalits right to reservation

PTI, Oct 7, 2010, 07.08pm IST

NEW DELHI: The supreme court on Thursday referred to a "Bench of
appropriate strength" for deciding whether a Scheduled Caste candidate
in a particular state is entitled to the benefits of quota in
employment in another state.

A Bench of Justices B Sudershan Reddy and S S Nijjar passed the order
while dealing with Uttarakhand government's appeal challenging a
ruling of the High Court that if a SC candidate migrates to another
state he or she would be entitled to the benefits of reservation.

The state took the stance that an SC migrating from one state to
another would not be entitled to the benefit unless the community to
which the candidate belonged was also listed under the category of
Scheduled Castes in the migrating State.

The high court had earlier directed the state to reinstate certain SC
candidates from UP, Bihar, Tripura as Assistant Professors in the G B
Pant University of Agriculture and Technology after they were removed
on the ground that though they were treated as Dalits in respective
states, yet the communities were not listed as Dalits in Uttarakhand.

The apex court, while dealing with the issue, referred to the
Constitution Bench ruling in Mari Chandra Shekar Rao case (1990)
wherein it was held that an SC candidate cannot derive the benefit of
reservation in another state unless the community was listed as
Scheduled Caste on the basis of the Presidential Order under Article
341 and 342.

A similar view was held by a three-judge bench in S Pushpa V
Sivachanmugavel (2005) case by relying on the Constitution Bench's
earlier ruling.

However, the three-judge Bench's ruling was ignored by a two-judge
Bench in the Subhash Chandra Vs Delhi Subordinate Services Selection
Board case in 2009 which took the view that the earlier direction by
the three-judge Bench was only an obiter dicta (suggestion) and was
not binding. It took a contary view that an SC even if he/she migrates
was entitled to the benefits of reservation.

The apex court today took exception to the two-judge bench's ruling
and said "in our considered opinion, it was not open to a two-judge
Bench to say that the decision of a three judge Bench rendered
following the Constitution Bench judgements to be per incuriam(a
mistake and not binding)."

The apex court, citing a Constitution Bench ruling, said the law laid
down by a larger Bench is binding on any subsequent Bench of lesser or
co-equal strength.

Recent Activity:
Get all ZESTCaste mails sent out in a span of 24 hours in a single mail. Subscribe to the daily digest version by sending a blank mail to, OR, if you have a Yahoo! Id, change your settings at

On this list you can share caste news, discuss caste issues and network with like-minded anti-caste people from across India and the world. Just write to

If you got this mail as a forward, subscribe to ZESTCaste by sending a blank mail to OR, if you have a Yahoo! ID, by visiting

Also have a look at our sister list, ZESTMedia:

Stay on top of your group activity without leaving the page you're on - Get the Yahoo! Toolbar now.

Get great advice about dogs and cats. Visit the Dog & Cat Answers Center.

Hobbies & Activities Zone: Find others who share your passions! Explore new interests.



No comments:

Post a Comment

Blog Archive