Vibrant Gujarat? 98% Dalits have to drink tea in separate cups
Vijaysinh Parmar, TNN 8 December 2009, 02:02am IST
SANAND (Ahmedabad dist): This is the taluka where Tata Motors has
parked its small car project. Nano has become a symbol of Gujarat's
pride and became a centre of attraction at the last Vibrant Gujarat
investment summit in January 2009.
But scratch the surface, and the scene is gloomy beneath this economic
boom in the state. Bhikhabhai Solanki, 50, a native of Lodariyal
village, has never shaken hands with non-Dalits in his life.
Bhikhabhai, an agricultural labourer, is Valmiki by caste - the lowest
of the socially downtrodden. "We are untouchables and nobody touches
us here," he says.
The farmer he works for keeps a tea-cup outside his house. Whenever
Bhikhabhai arrived for work in the morning or leaves after finishing
in the evening, tea is poured into the cup. Strangely, this form of
untouchability goes in the name of religion. These cups are called
The practice thrives across Gujarat, without exception, and has been
documented extensively in a first-of-its-kind study on a large scale,
representing 98,000 Dalits across 1,655 villages in Gujarat. The study
has been carried out by Ahmedabad-based Navsarjan Trust with three
US-based organisations - the Kroc Institute for International Peace
Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, Dartmouth College at
the University of Michigan and Robert F Kennedy Centre for Social
Justice and Human Rights, Washington, D.C.
"This has been going on for generations. The only change is that
earlier there used to be cups made of clay and now they are made of
steel," says Bhikhabhai. He confesses that drinking the tea offered by
his master does hurt his dignity. But then, he does not want to lose
his daily wage because he has to feed five other members of his
family. His daughter-in-law, Ambha, agrees. She points out that she
carries her own utensils to work, but the person who serves the
afternoon meal at the farm drops the food into the plate without
In Lodariyal, Dalit women can't touch vegetables at the shop just to
sample them. Only once they pay up, and the money is kept on the side
and not handed over, the vegetables are flung into the hollow of their
saree. The tea stall owner gives tea to Dalits only in disposable
plastic cups. Others get it in ceramic cups.
According to the study, 98 per cent of the respondents said that
non-Dalits keep separate utensils at home to serve them food or tea.
The same discrimination goes only slight down to 96 per cent on farms.
Dalit rights activist Martin Macwan of Navsarjan Trust says: "In every
step of untouchability, the same concept is being applied - that of
purity. Gujarat has only tried to dignify an indignity by calling
these separate utensils as 'Ram patra'".
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